Native Plants - M

Maianthemum canadense
Wild-Lily-of-the-Valley
Lily family - Liliaceae

A cute little ground cover of moist shady places, Wild Lily-of-the-Valley has bright green, wide,
glossy leaves that clasp the stem and small spikes of white flowers. It is fussy about habitat, but in the right place it will form large colonies. It spreads by rhizomes but is not invasive like garden
lily-of-the-valley.
In the wild, it can be seen as a ground cover in damp, undisturbed woods.

Bloom time: May - July
Height: 10 - 15 cm (4 - 6")
Growing conditions: Semi-shade to shade, rich, damp, organic soil.
Maianthemum stellatum (=Smilacina stellatum)
Star-flowered Solomon's-Seal
Lily family - Liliaceae

A fairly common plant of woodlands and damp areas such as ditches. Quite adaptable as to habitat. The stems grow in a zig-zag pattern with a leaf growing out from each bend, and it terminates in a loose spike of small star-shaped white flowers.

Bloom time: May - July
Height: 20 - 50 cm (8 - 20")
Growing Conditions: Semi-shade to sun; damp soil



The berries are distinctive - green with reddish-maroon stripes. They turn black at maturity.
Mentha arvensis
Wild Mint
Mint family - Labitae

Wild Mint is a great species for a reconstructed wetland - in fact it will probably move in on its own.
Don't add it to a naturescape or garden, as it has the habit of taking over and smothering the other plants. It can be used in place of garden mint, but it tends to have a stronger flavour.

Bloom time: June - August
Height: 20 - 40 cm (8 - 16")
Sun or semi-shade, does best with adequate moisture.
Mertensia paniculata
Tall lungwort
Borage family - Boraginaceae

An attractive showy woodland plant that will also grow in damp meadows. Beloved by bumblebees
who hang upside down as they try to squeeze into the narrow flowers. Spring-flowering and excellent for a woodland or wetland restoration. It self-seeds agressively in the garden and will take over very quickly.

Bloom time: May, June.
Height: 30 - 70 cm (12 - 28")
Sun or semi-shade. Prefers adequate moisture.
Monarda fistulosa
Wild Bergamot
Mint family – Lamiaceae/Labiatae

Also known as Bee Balm and Monarda. Multi-use medicinal herb with a fragrance similar to that used for flavouring Earl Grey tea. Attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. May be susceptible to powdery mildew in late summer. Requires good air circulation around plant.


Bloom time: July, August
Hight: 30 - 60cm (12 - 24”)
Sun; average soil. Does better with an adequate amount of moisture.

Direct seed in spring or fall. Cover lightly. Easy to grow.